Everything You Need To Know About A Toothache

Posted by Joseph J. Lee on Aug 31 2022, 11:01 PM

Everything You Need To Know About A Toothache

A toothache is any pain that is experienced in the maxillary or mandibular tooth. Toothaches are most commonly associated with tooth decay, but they are also a symptom of several dental issues. Toothaches are caused when pain receptors are stimulated in the pulp of the tooth. The pulp contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue, so when it is exposed, it can be a painful experience.

Causes of Toothache

Pain in the teeth or gums can be caused by infections, cavities, broken teeth, a cracked or fractured tooth, a damaged filling, or gum disease. A toothache can be mild or severe, but it is important to see a dentist as soon as possible.

Symptoms of toothache

  • If left untreated, you may experience the following symptoms of a toothache:
  • Pain in the tooth or teeth
  • Swelling
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Bad breath

Treatments of Toothache

The treatment for a toothache depends on the cause of the pain. Any symptoms of an infection should be treated with antibiotics. A dentist will drain the abscess. This relieves pressure and pain. In case of a long-term infection, the dentist will remove the infected pulp.

There are a number of treatment options for toothaches.

  • Painkillers

The most common type of painkiller for toothache is acetaminophen. This medication works by blocking pain messages to the brain.

  • Antibiotics

Antibiotics are used to fight bacteria that cause infections.

  • Dental fillings

In case of minor decay or cavities, your dentist will remove the cavity, clean out the infected area, and apply a filling. 

  • Root canal

A root canal treatment is a dental procedure that involves the removal of infected pulp from a tooth. The pulp, or soft tissue inside the tooth, can become infected due to decay or injury. When bacteria infect the pulp, the infection can spread to other parts of the tooth, such as the roots. A root canal treats infected nerves and the pulp inside the tooth. 

  • Extraction

If a tooth is severely damaged or infected, your dentist may recommend an extraction. This treatment involves removing a tooth that can no longer be saved. Tooth extractions are very common and are usually performed under local anesthesia.

  • Night guards

If bruxism causes tooth grinding, you can wear a night guard at night.


There are many reasons why a patient may complain of a toothache. Treatments for a toothache may include removing the cavity, cleaning out the infected area, or applying a filling. In case you experience a toothache, visit a dentist at the earliest to find the root cause and have proper treatment. 

For the best treatments for toothache, visit Mountain View Advanced Dental in Mountain View, CA, or call our dental clinic at (650) 988-9458.

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